Cervical cancer screening tests (Pap smear test or HPV test) help to detect pre-cancer changes. During this examination, a scraping of cells from the surface of the cervix is obtained during a vaginal examination. This is a quick, simple, and painless test. In general, women with pre-cancer changes do not have any symptoms. If any abnormalities are detected, further investigations such as colposcopy need to be performed.
A colposcopy is a simple outpatient procedure done using a colposcope (microscope) to check for any abnormal changes of the cervix. A biopsy (a small amount of tissue) may be taken and sent to the laboratory for further evaluation.
Your doctor may recommend a cone biopsy or a LEEP procedure if there is suspicion of microscopic invasion. Your doctor will discuss with you regarding the suitability of these procedures with you.
- Computed Tomography (CT scan) - Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Positron Emission Tomography (PET scan) - An examination under general anaesthesia may be recommended if additional information is required that may affect your treatment.
- Chemotherapy - Radiotherapy - Combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy