Diabetes can be prevented or delay the progression of condition. Ways to control are
Keep blood sugar level within range
Blood glucose level readings can be done at home with a blood glucose meter. (Watch: How to measure blood glucose). However, due to individual differences, do check your target blood glucose level with your doctor before you start.
You can also do a
glycosylated haemoglobin (HBA1c) test in every 3 to 6 months to measure your average blood sugar level over that period of time.
Keep cholesterol level within range
Keep blood pressure within range
Losing weight and maintaining the loss of weight is a challenge which requires commitment, discipline and all the support you can get from your family, friends, dietician and doctor. Here's a guideline,
Smoking can contribute to insulin resistance and causes diseases of the heart and circulation, greatly increases the risk of a heart attack, stroke and foot gangrene.
Follow a healthy diet plan
It is important to limit the amount of calories intake each day so that it can help you to maintain your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
You are encouraged to develop a food plan. Talk to a dietician or dotor.
Diabetes: Healthy Eating Guide,
Guide to Fasting for Ramadan)
Keep lifestyle active
Regular exercise improves physical fitness and reduces the risk of heart disease, strokes and hypertension. It improves the efficiency of blood circulation an helps take off and keep off extra weight.
For diabetics, exercise provides additional benefits. In the short term, it can lower blood glucose levels, and in the long term, it may reduce medication requirements. Regular exercise makes the body cells more responsive to insulin, therefore avoiding swings in blood glucose.