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Patient Education

Diabetes is a chronic, livelong condition in which the body produces too little or ineffective insulin. Insulin is a hormone released to change sugar in food into energy that is essential to the body.

When food is digested, it breaks down into a sugar called glucose, which is absorbed into the blood. In a normal person, insulin helps the blood glucose to enter the body cells, to be used for energy.

In a diabetic person with too little or ineffective insulin, the glucose cannot enter the body cells. It builds up in the blood, giving rise to a high blood glucose level which is the main sign of untreated or uncontrolled diabetes.

Further reads on diabetes:

Types of diabetes
Diabetes complications
Diabetic emergencies
Taking control of diabetes

Treatment and program

Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE)
Insulin injection