Endometriosis is a condition where the lining of the womb responsible for menstruation is found outside the womb. Up to ten percent of women are affected with endometriosis.
The lining of the womb responds to menstrual hormones and causes ‘menstruation’ outside the womb. Over time, this will cause inflammation, tissue damage and scar formation (adhesions).
Endometriosis commonly affects the ovaries giving rise to ovarian cysts or endometrioma. It can also be found behind or within the womb, causing pelvic pain.