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Bladder Cancer Surgery

Bladder Cancer Surgery: Overview | Singapore General Hospital

Bladder Cancer Surgery - How to prevent?

Bladder Cancer Surgery - Causes and Risk Factors

Bladder cancer is closely associated with the following risk factors :

  • Contact with certain chemicals that predispose to cancer formation. This may occur through :
    • Occupational contact with aniline dyes in rubber, textile, paint, leather, metal and hair dye
    • Chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide
    • Chronic intake of certain Chinese herbs and painkillers especially phenacetin
  • Smoking
  • Pelvic radiation from untreated bladder stones, long-term indwelling catheter or infection by a specific bladder parasite.
  • Chronic bladder inflammation from untreated bladder stones, long-term indwelling catheter or infection by a specific bladder parasite.

There are three subtypes of bladder cancer :

  • Transitional cell or urothelial carcinoma. Cancer that derives from transitional cells in the innermost tissue layer of the bladder. This is the most common cell type.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer that develops from squamous cells, which are thin, flat cells that may form in the bladder after long-term infection or irritation.
  • Adenocarcinoma. Cancer that arises from glandular (secretory) cells that may form in the bladder after long-term irritation and inflammation.

Bladder Cancer Surgery - Preparing for surgery

Bladder Cancer Surgery - Post-surgery care

Bladder Cancer Surgery - Other Information

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