What are the different types of anaemia?
Anaemia can be classified by their causes and may be due to:
Symptoms due to anaemia include:
Clinically, there are several laboratory tests that can assist the physicians to arrive at a diagnosis. A careful study of the blood film often offers many clues eg. changes in shape/size/colour of the blood cell, any abnormal intracellular inclusions, any parasites or worms present, etc. With these blood features as a guide, the clinician can proceed to other tests for diagnostic confirmation. These confirmatory tests may include a genetic study for certain hereditary disorders, biochemical determination of certain intracellular/extracellular chemical levels such as iron/folate, CT scan of the spleen for possible splenic disorders, bone marrow/lymph node biopsy for malignancies, etc.
The treatment depends on the cause of the anaemia. Our haematologist will assess patients to determine the cause of the anaemia while treating it with a variety of options depending on the cause. This includes:
In anaemia due to blood cancers such as leukemias, myelomas, lymphomas or myelodysplastic syndrome we have dedicated teams in the blood cancer service who will assess and plan treatment with chemotherapy, immunotherapy or haematopoietic stem cell transplants as needed.