The most common cause in our population is post-injury stiffness of the elbow.
A stiff elbow joint can also arise due to other diseases like infection and auto-inflammatory conditions (for example, rheumatoid arthritis).
Certain congenital problems may also present with elbow stiffness.
Patients with prolonged immobilisation of the elbow joint due to injury or illness are at highest risk of developing elbow stiffness.
Damage to joint
Diseases like infection that lead to damage of the joint surface (also known as the articular cartilage) also predispose to elbow stiffness.