Acute sinusitis may be treated with antibiotics and decongestants. The aim is to control the infection, reduce the mucosal inflammation and restore the natural mucus flow in the sinuses.
In chronic sinusitis, the obstruction may not be completely reversed with medications and some form of surgery may be necessary to reverse the disease process. Hence, some cases of chronic sinusitis or recurrent sinusitis may need surgery in the form of a Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS).
Most sinus surgeries are performed through the nose with the aid of scopes and specialised instruments that enable the procedures to be done with no external scars.