Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder - How to prevent?

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder - Causes and Risk Factors

frozen shoulder risk factors singapore general hospitalCauses of Frozen Shoulder


Inflammation causes parts of the joint capsule in the shoulder joint to become fibrotic, reducing the volume of the shoulder joint, limiting the shoulder's ability to move and causing the shoulder to freeze.

No obvious cause

Frozen shoulder can happen with no obvious cause, which is known as primary frozen shoulder.

Risk Factors of Frozen Shoulder

Primary frozen shoulder is associated with several risk factors, including:

Age & Gender

It tends to affect adults over 40 years and is more common in women.

Diseases & Illnesses

Frozen shoulder also tend to occur more frequently in patients with endocrine disorders such as diabetes, cardiac disease or thyroid problems, Parkinson's disease or if you have undergone surgery.


In secondary frozen shoulder, this can occur commonly after prolonged immobilisation of the shoulder after injury, or due to pain that limits shoulder motion (such as after injury to the rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder) eventually leading to this disease.

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder - Preparing for surgery

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder - Post-surgery care

Shoulder and Elbow - Frozen Shoulder - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

Discover articles,videos, and guides afrom Singhealth's resources across the web. These information are collated, making healthy living much easier for everyone.