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Hypopharyngeal Cancers

Hypopharyngeal Cancers - How to prevent?

Hypopharyngeal Cancers - Causes and Risk Factors

What are the risk factors?

Risk factors include:

  1. Smoking
  2. Heavy alcohol consumption
  3. Chewing tobacco
  4. Poor nutrition especially low in dietary fibre
  5. Plummer-Vinson syndrome (a disease marked by iron-deficiency anaemia, and formation of web-like membranes in the throat causing difficulty swallowing)

Hypopharyngeal Cancers - Preparing for surgery

Hypopharyngeal Cancers - Post-surgery care

Hypopharyngeal Cancers - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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