The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on each side of the mid back, just below the rib cage. They filter the blood, and remove excess water and waste in the urine. The most common form of kidney cancer in adults is renal cell carcinoma (80-85%).
There are no known measures to prevent the development of renal cell carcinoma. However, a small, early stage renal tumour may benefit from early intervention which can potentially be curative.