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Physiotherapy for Pain Management

Chronic Pain

Pain is defined as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. (International Association for the Study of Pain, 1986). This definition clearly pointed out that pain is not just a physical sensation, but a complex function closely linked to the physical, emotional and psychological status of a person. Chronic pain is one example of this complex pain experience. Chronic pain is pain that has persisted for more than 3 months, with no identifiable cause to the pain or not responding to treatment or medications. 

Persistent and unresolved pain often resulted in: 
  • General weakness and fatigue
  • Loss of fitness
  • Tense/tight muscles, reduced flexibility
  • Emotional distress
  • Reduce quality of life
Physiotherapists can help patient with long standing pain problem to better manage their pain by:
  • Helping patients to reinterpret their pain
  • Reverse the negative effects of inactivity
  • Improve their physical fitness using graded exercise
  • Encourage patients to adopt a more active role in managing their pain