Voice disorders are medical conditions that affect the function of the vocal folds (vocal cords) and voice production. Common causes of voice disorders include :
Laryngitis refers to inflammation of the vocal folds. This can be acute (less than three weeks) or chronic (more than three weeks).
Less common causes of laryngitis:
Bacterial or fungal infection.
Laryngitis is diagnosed by a combination of history and physical examination. Your specialist may pass a nasoendoscope (a thin scope with a camera at the end of it) through the nose down to the voice box under local anaesthesia.
Common findings include redness and swelling of the vocal folds.
Treatment of laryngitis depends on the underlying cause. Avoiding exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, resting the voice and treating underlying causes such as a cold, sinusitis or acid reflux will be enough in most cases.
Medication may be prescribed to treat acid reflux. Occasionally, steroids may be prescribed to reduce swelling in the larynx if urgent voice restoration is required. Antibiotics are usually not needed as laryngitis is not usually caused by bacterial infection.