Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is due to an abnormal growth of blood vessels in the baby's eye. It is most common in babies who are very premature. In the baby’s development, blood vessels grow from the back of the eye out towards the edges. This process is completed just a few weeks before the normal time of delivery. In premature babies, this process is not complete. If blood vessel grows normally, the baby does not develop ROP. If the vessels grow and branch abnormally, the baby has ROP
There are no symptoms of ROP. Infants, especially premature ones, must be screened by an ophthalmologist to diagnose the condition and manage it subsequently.
The best way to prevent ROP is to avoid premature birth. Other measures include close monitoring of oxygen needs in premature babies. The baby should also have regular screening examinations of the eyes by an ophthalmologist, especially if he or she has a high risk of ROP.
Following surgery, the baby is managed in the NICU and receives standard post-operative eye care and follow up as per existing guidelines and protocols .The baby will continued to be followed up by the Ophthalmologists following discharge from Hospital as long as is necessary.