Virus culture in neurological infections
Throat swab, nasopharyngeal aspirate during the first 3 – 4 days of the illness Stool CSF Swabs or scrapings of vesicles if present Saliva (instead of throat swab or nasopharyngeal aspirate) and urine if mumps suspected Brain biopsy for herpes encephalitisSend samples (except stool, CSF, saliva & urine) in Virus Transport Medium. (See also Virology Section, General Guidelines for Virus Isolation & Collection Methods for Virus Isolation by Sample Type)
Refrigerate samples until transport to laboratory. Do not freeze. Transport samples on ice pack to laboratory.
Reported as Positive or Negative
Positive report : 1 – 21 days For enteroviruses – final report with enterovirus typing results : 2 – 6 weeks Negative report : 21 days
Monday – Saturday
Viruses to be expected : Enterovirus, mumps, herpes simplex, varicella-zoster and influenza virus