Orthognathic Surgery refers to jaw surgery that aims to correct deformities of the upper and/ or lower jaws. It is usually done in combination with orthodontic treatment (braces) and is used to correct dental and jaw abnormalities.
Orthognathic Surgery requires a multidisciplinary team approach that includes an Orthodontist, an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon and Allied Health Professionals (e.g. Dieticians, Speech Therapists).
Orthognathic Surgery is necessary to correct discrepancies in the upper and/ or lower jaws.
This is done to improve function (chewing/ speech/ breathing), aesthetics and stability of your bite/ occlusion.
What are common problems that can be managed with Orthognathic Surgery?
Common problems include:
The surgery is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. It is almost always done inside the mouth to prevent facial scars.
Cuts are made to the jaw bones to move them into the correct position. The jaw bones are then secured with titanium plates and screws in their new position.
The titanium plates and screws do not require removal. They typically do not cause any issues and will not be picked up by any metal detectors at security check points.
The few instances where removal is required include the plates and screws becoming loose/ exposed, or if a localised infection develops around the plates and screws.
Surgery is planned and executed once the pre-surgical orthodontic phase is completed.
Orthodontic treatment is continued after surgery to achieve the final alignment of the teeth and help retain them in their new position.