Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the body’s lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the body’s immune system made up of a network of tissues, vessels and organs that work together to fight germs and rid the body of toxins, waste and unwanted materials. The lymphatic system transports lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body.
Patients with lymphoma often notice a swelling of their lymph nodes caused by the formation of painless lumps or tumours. Large clusters of lymph nodes can be found in the neck, armpits and groin. Lymphoma can also occur in other organs as small amounts of lymph and lymph tissue pass through virtually all organs in the body.
Lymphoma can be broadly divided into two categories:
Lymphoma is the fifth most common cancer in males and sixth in females in Singapore. Over a five-year period from 2014 to 2018, 4,176 cases were reported in Singapore.