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Head Injury

Head Injury - Symptoms

  • Temporary or permanent loss of consciousness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Giddiness
  • Loss of memory

These symptoms may occur immediately or develop slowly over several hours to days. Even if no serious injury is found, careful observation by a responsible adult must occur in the first 24 – 48 hours after the injury.

For the first 24 hours after a head injury, the person SHOULD NOT:

  • Be left alone
  • Drive a vehicle or operate machinery
  • Take alcohol or medications that can cause drowsiness

Call for help and go to the Emergency Department if:

  • Signs get worse e.g. sleepiness, headache, vomiting, dizziness
  • Changes in behaviour e.g. irritability, confusion
  • Weakness/numbness in the arms/legs
  • Difficulty walking/talking
  • Fit/seizure occurs
  • Blood or clear fluid comes out from the nose/ears

Head Injury - How to prevent?

Head Injury - Causes and Risk Factors

Head Injury - Preparing for surgery

Head Injury - Post-surgery care