All patients will be discussed at the multidisciplinary tumour board where the best recommended treatment options will be detailed. Treatment options depends on:
For early stage disease, endoscopic surgery may be performed. However in more advanced disease, a combination of chemo-radiation and surgery is usually preferred. Surgery of more advanced disease is done via open approaches (transhiatal or transthoracic e.g. through the diaphragm or the chest respectively). Suitably selected cases can be done via minimally invasive techniques.