Diabetes is a condition characterized by high glucose levels. Our body produces a hormone called insulin which enables glucose to enter our cells. If our bodies do not produce enough insulin, or if our cells are not able to respond well enough to insulin, glucose cannot enter our cells and instead accumulates in the bloodstream.
In type 2 diabetes (T2DM), the cells are not able to respond well enough to the insulin in the body. The cells require more insulin than usual in order to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. The body is not able to produce enough insulin to cope with these increased needs, causing glucose levels to rise.