Parathyroid glands are four small glands located behind your thyroid gland in the neck. They produce parathyroid hormones (PTH), which controls your calcium in your body. In patients with hyperparathyroidism, one or more parathyroid glands become enlarged & abnormal, and overproduce PTH. If left untreated, this can lead to complications such as worsening osteoporosis, fractures and ureteric stones.
The purpose of parathyroid surgery is to locate and remove the abnormal parathyroid gland(s) and reduce the risks of these complications from occurring.
When performed by an experienced surgeon, the operation is successful in correcting the parathyroid hormone level in approximately 95% of cases. Complications can occur, but are uncommon. Depending on the calcium level after surgery, hospital stay may range from 1 to 3 nights. Your surgeon will explain your specific surgery and why it is recommended in your specific case.