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Bipolar - How to prevent?

Bipolar - Causes and Risk Factors

Bipolar - Treatments

Managing bipolar disorder may involve a tailored combination of medications and therapies. Find out how they are generally treated:


Mood stabilizers (Lithium, Sodium Valproate, Lamotrigine for bipolar depression) are the first-line of treatment. Antipsychotic and anti-anxiety medications may be prescribed. Antidepressant medications are often combined with mood stabilizers to treat depression in bipolar disorder.


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is useful for addressing interpersonal difficulties, conflicts, and cognitive distortions. It is typically initiated once acute symptoms have settled. It is often used alongside medication to help patients and their families understand the disorder, improving compliance and reducing relapse rates.

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

 ECT may be prescribed when medication response is poor or when the condition is severe and potentially life-threatening (e.g., severe suicidality or refusal to eat and drink). This treatment involves the controlled induction of seizures for therapeutic purposes and is performed under general anesthesia to ensure comfortable treatment.

Bipolar disorder treatment is individualised, and it's important for individuals to work closely with mental health professionals to determine the most appropriate and effective treatment plan for their specific needs.

Bipolar - Preparing for surgery

Bipolar - Post-surgery care

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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