List of accesskeys skip navigation

Clinical Specialties & Centres

Skip Navigation LinksHome > Clinical Specialties & Centres > Burns Centre

Burns Centre

The Burns Centre is the only specialised facility managing major burn injuries in Southeast Asia, committed to providing the best medical therapy to patients. The Burns Centre is run by a dedicated team of health care providers including doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists, medical social workers and other ancillary staff. Together, they look after burn patients from the point of injury to their post-hospital rehabilitative period.

The Burns Centre follows a strict admission criteria, and will only accept patients requiring specialised care including those that suffer from:

  • more than15% burns in adults Total Burn Surface Area (TBSA) or more than 10% burns in children, and requiring fluid resuscitation 
  • burns involving special areas like the face, hands and perineum 
  • burns with an inhalational component / respiratory component 
  • burns resulting from electricity, chemicals or molten metals 
  • delayed or neglected burns with a deep-dermal or full-thickness component requiring surgery 

 

The SGH Burns Centre is a tertiary referral facility and will only accept burned patients requiring specialised care, and these are confined to patients with the following injuries :

  • burns in adults > 15% TBSA or in children > 10% requiring fluid resuscitation
  • burns involving special areas like the face, hands and perineum
  • burns with an inhalational component / respiratory component
  • burns resulting from electricity, chemicals or molten metals
  • delayed or neglected burns with a deep-dermal or full-thickness component requiring surgery
  • Strict admission criteria limit unneccesary admissions to minimize cross-contamination and to enable medical and nursing staff to concentrate on major burns patients and those patients who are critically-ill.

The Burns Centre admits patients through the following sources :

  • the hospital’s Accident / Emergency Department following consultation and review by the
  • on-call Plastic Surgery Resident and / or Registrar
  • other hospital’s Accident / Emergency Department / ward (including private sector, semi-government restructured, and foreign) following telephone-consultation with the on-call Plastic Surgical Registrar and / or attending Plastic Surgeon; transport and medical escort of the patient is provided by source hospital
  • direct from scene of injury following heli-casevac via the hospital’s Accident / Emergency Department.

The entire Centre is fully air-conditioned with the ventilation system comprising twenty air-changes an hour. This controlled environment which simulates an Operating Theatre environment is aimed at reducing levels of ambient airborne organisms thereby reducing cross-contamination of burns wounds with airborne organisms. A special viewing corridor outside the unit allows the patients in the isolation rooms to be in visual contact with their relatives without coming into direct physical contact.

The Centre is divided into two wings to facilitate cohort nursing. 6 beds are devoted to critically-ill patients, and 10 beds are set aside for patients requiring intermediate care in a high-dependency area. Separate areas are set aside for dressings change, physiotherapy and convalescence, and an area for paediatric patients.

A self-sufficient operating theatre enables all primary wound excision and skin grafting procedures to be performed within the Centre. Patients requiring secondary reconstructive procedures are not admitted to the Burns Centre and therefore secondary reconstructive procedures are generally not performed here. The utilization of this operating theatre situated within the Burns Centre has facilitated the ease of transfer of these major burns patients from their rooms to the theatre (the main hospital operating theatre is located some distance away on another floor). Ease of transfer of patients minimize the potential dangers of transport of the critically-ill, the main ones being airway disconnection and discontinuity in monitoring. In addition, theatre scrub personnel dedicated to burns surgery has also greatly expedited the performance of the surgical procedures.

A cell culture laboratory within the Burns Centre dedicated to the culture and preparation of cultured epithelial autografts provides laboratory support for our skin culture project.

The use of Moist Exposed Burn Therapy in the treatment of burns wounds

This clinical trial investigates the efficacy of Moist Exposed Burn Ointment in the management of mixed-thickness burns wounds as compared to conventional management with silver sulphadiazine. Outcome indicators include time for wound healing, resultant scar quality and use of analgesia. (NMRC/0125/1995). 

Growth hormone efficacy in severely-burned patients

The use of recombinant growth hormone has been investigated by several centres in the United States for patients with severe thermal injuries. Favourable results have been reported in terms of acceleration of donor site healing time and reduction of hospital stay. Our clinical trial will investigate the impact of recombinant growth hormone on donor site and grafted site healing, and morbidity in patients with major thermal injury.

Integra artificial skin for coverage of large burn areas

Limited donor sites remain a major problem with patients sustaining large area burns. Integra artificial skin acts as a minimally-immunogenic biological dressing following excision of burn wounds and allows the use of thin split skin autografts which in turn means that donor sites can be re-cropped more frequently. Research efforts are also aimed at combining Integra with cultured epithelial autograft.

Skin Culture Research

Together with the Department of Clinical Research of SGH, we have been actively involved in research into expediting the growth and take of cultured epithelial cells including use of fibrin glue and other techniques. Research is also being carried out in the use of lyophilised amniotic membrane.  

Skin Bank

The Singapore General Hospital's (SGH) Skin Bank/Skin Culture Laboratory was set up in 1991 to meet the skin graft needs for the treatment of patients with severe burns. To find out more about our Skin Bank, please click here
.

Appointments

To make or change appointment:

Location

Location

Block 4 Level 3View Map
Tel: 6321 4430
Fax: 6321 3890

Opening Hours

Monday to Friday: 8.00am to 6.00pm

Saturday:
8.00am to 1.00pm

Sunday and Public Holiday: Closed


Last Modified Date :05 Aug 2014